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FACT CHECK: Has Congress Only Passed Four Budgets On Time In The Past 40 Years?

said 2024 presidential candidate and former South Carolina Republican governor Nikki Haley in a speech at Saint Anselm College's New Hampshire Institute of Politics. claimed In the past 40 years, Congress has passed only four budgets on time.

Verdict: Truth

Defining what constitutes a Congressional budget process is complicated, but three experts agree that Haley is right.

Fact check:

Haley reportedly visited St. Anselm College's New Hampshire Institute of Politics in September. CNN. During his visit, Haley announced his own economic policies and discussed “Bidenomics” and “reckless” government spending, the paper said.

“Congress won't like this tough love, but Congress needs it. Over the last 40 years, Congress has passed four pathetic budgets on time. Four in 40 years,” Haley said. said in his speech. A clip of Haley making the case for the Congressional budget during his speech was shared through Haley. X account As of November 30th, it had been viewed over 70,000 times.

That claim is true.according to September 2023 works According to the Pew Research Center, “Only four times has Congress passed all necessary spending measures on time.” [in] 1977, 1989, 1995, 1997. ” The Pew Research Center also noted in the article that Congress was slow to pass a “budget blueprint” for the latter three years. Budget blueprints are developed prior to spending bills.

moreover, document The U.S. Senate Budget Committee for the 115th Congress shows that Congress has “completed appropriations before the start of a fiscal year only four times in the past 40 years.” The last time Congress completed all legislation on time was in 1996, according to page 5 of the document. According to the document, Congress adopted only seven budgets in the previous fiscal years: 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2016.

Similarly, 2018 report Highlighting budget issues, the Government Accountability Office report notes that Congress has passed continuing resolutions to keep government agencies running between budgets “in all but four of the last 40 years.” It says that there are.

or, 2014 Q&A works The Peter G. Peterson Foundation claims Congress has passed a budget on time only six times in the past 40 years, the most recent being in 2003. (Related: Joe Biden repeats false story about deceased Amtrak conductor)

According to the same September 2023 article from Pew Research Center, the appropriations process typically does not follow the provisions of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974. The process typically begins with the president submitting a budget proposal, which the House and Senate then work on. A budget resolution (or a deemed resolution if no agreement is reached on a budget resolution), and then Congress passes a series of spending bills.

Congress typically does not pass 12 spending bills in time, so it uses continuing resolutions and omnibus bills that cover several spending bills.

Since the last three appropriations bills for fiscal year 1997 were passed on September 30, 1996, “Congress has never passed more than five of the 12 regular appropriations bills on time.'' Pew Research Center noted.

a document A timeline summary of the Congressional budget process from the Congressional Research Service shows that the Budget Act sets a target date of April 15 for the adoption of a budget resolution. According to the document, Congress has adopted a budget resolution before the April 15 target date only four times since fiscal year 1985, most recently in fiscal year 2004.

Haley made this claim during remarks at Saint Anselm University's New Hampshire Institute of Politics, as well as during the second Republican debate of the 2024 campaign. The New York Times published this claim in an article. fact check article For an argument, the claim was labeled as true.

Romina BocciaThe director of budget and rights policy at the Cato Institute told Check Your Facts that Haley is right about Congress passing all spending bills in full and on time.

“The federal budget process is so complex that debate can arise about what it means to pass a budget. It's spot on in that it's happened only four times, in fiscal years 1995 and 1997. Some people call it the government's budget. Lawmakers vote on it every year. Congress adopts a budget resolution before the April 15 deadline. Considering what happened, Mr. Haley's point is also correct. only 4 times” Boccia said in an email.

“The result is less effective government, wasted tax dollars, and burdens current and future generations with massive debt. No budget or salary It might sound crazy and it might work,” she added.

maya mcguineasThe chairman of the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget agreed that Haley's argument was “on point.”

“Governor Haley's point is spot on; the Legislature has passed a budget on time only four times in the past 40 years. This is critical because the first step in governing is creating a budget. It's a huge abdication of responsibility. The Senate Budget Committee didn't even try to do that this year,” McGuineas said.

Richard SternGrover M. Herman, director of the Heritage Foundation's Center on the Federal Budget, also labeled Haley's argument correct, but emphasized the fact that there is more nuance.

“What she's saying is correct, but it's more nuanced than what she said. What she said is probably shorthand for a more complex statement — Congress and the White House We've just completed every touchpoint in the budget process since it was created,” Stern said.

ben ritzThe director of the Progressive Policy Institute's Center on America's Future Financing said whether that claim is true depends on what Haley means by “passing a budget.”

“It depends on what Governor Haley means by 'passing a budget.'” The Legislature is required to pass a budget resolution setting a high-water mark by April 15 of each year, which is 7 in the past 40 years. It has been done twice. So Haley Technically That’s wrong,” Ritz said.

“But Congress then has until October 1 to pass 12 spending bills that fund “discretionary'' programs (programs whose funding levels are reassessed annually), which will happen on time. “This has only happened four times in the last 40 years,” he added.

Check Your Fact has also reached out to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities for comment and will update this article accordingly if we receive them. Additionally, Check Your Fact contacted the Brookings Institution, which declined to comment.

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