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New Species of Giant Green Anaconda Discovered in Ecuador’s Rainforest

Anacondas are a very useful source of ecological health

Amazon researchers have discovered a giant blue anaconda, the world’s largest snake species, in the Ecuadorian rainforest. Although this snake diverged from its relatives 10 million years ago, it still looks much the same.

A video shared online shows Dutch biologist Freek Vonk, one of the researchers, showing the 20-foot-long (6.1-meter) reptile swimming alongside the giant 200-kilogram (441-pound) specimen. is shown.

It was thought that there was only one species of blue anaconda in the wild, Eunectes murinus, but this month’s scientific journal Diversity reveals that the new ‘northern blue anaconda’ belongs to another new species, Eunectes akiyama. I made it.

“What we were there to do was use anacondas as an indicator species to show what kind of damage is being caused by the oil spills that are plaguing the Yasuní people in Ecuador. Because it’s impossible,” said researcher Brian G. Kennedy. Fry said.

Fry, a biology professor at the University of Queensland in Australia, has been studying anaconda species found in South America for almost 20 years, and the discovery shows that the two species diverged from each other almost 10 million years ago. told Reuters.

“But what’s really surprising is that despite these genetic differences, and despite the long period of divergence, these two animals are completely identical,” he said. .

Although blue anaconda snakes look very similar, there is a 5.5% genetic difference that surprised scientists.

“This is an incredible genetic difference, especially considering that humans and chimpanzees are only 2% different,” Fry said.

Anacondas are a very useful source of information about the ecological health of the region and the potential human health impacts of oil spills in the region, Frye said.

He added that some of the snakes they studied in parts of Ecuador have been heavily contaminated by oil spills, and the anaconda and arapaima fish have accumulated large amounts of petrochemical metals.

“So if Arapaima fish are accumulating these oil-spill metals, pregnant women should also avoid them, just as women avoid salmon and tuna and other parts of the world for fear of methylmercury.” “This means we need to avoid metals,” he said.

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

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