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UN Political Mission In Iraq To End By 2025 After Over 20 Years

The mission was established in 2003 by a resolution of the United Nations Security Council.

united nations:

The UN Security Council unanimously decided on Friday, at Baghdad’s request, that the UN political mission in Iraq will withdraw from the country at the end of 2025 after more than two decades in office.

Earlier this month, Iraqi Prime Minister Mohammed Shia al-Sudani called for the closure of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) in a letter to the Security Council.

Al-Sudani said UNAMI had overcome “great and diverse challenges” and that there was no longer “any basis for carrying out a political mission in Iraq.”

The UN Security Council resolution adopted on Friday extended the mission’s mandate “for a final 19 months until 31 December 2025,” after which “UNAMI will cease all its activities and operations.”

The mission was established by a UN Security Council resolution in 2003 at the request of the Iraqi government after the US-led invasion of Iraq and the fall of Saddam Hussein’s regime.

The organization advises the government on political dialogue and reconciliation, and also assists with electoral and security sector reform.

During the mission’s last renewal in May 2023, the Security Council asked the secretary-general to launch a strategic review, overseen by German diplomat Volker Perthes.

In a report published in March, Perthes suggested ending the mission might be appropriate, concluding that “the two-year period set by the Government for winding down the mission may be sufficient to allow further progress to be made.”

He also said the period would be a time to reassure reluctant Iraqis that the transition “will not reverse democratic gains or threaten peace and security.”

Russia, China, Britain and France said this month they support a transition in Iraq’s partnership with the United Nations, as UN missions can only operate with the consent of their host nations.

The US was more vague, with UN Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield saying UNAMI still had “significant work” to do, without making any mention of Baghdad’s request.

She stressed the mission’s role in organizing elections and promoting human rights, despite Iraqi calls for the mission to focus more on economic issues.

(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from a syndicated feed.)

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