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Taylor Swift’s AI porn debacle alters our ‘reality’

When the first wave of mainstream AI panic hit us in January 2021, it was right around the time that OpenAI came out. announced My first thoughts about the image generator, DALL-E, were: This will first revolutionize fandom, then satire.

Integrating AI into these fields will not only democratize content creation to some extent (there are still barriers to entry for using AI, but not as much as you might think!), as well as create a mix between official and fan-made or amateur There is also the possibility that the line between content.

If you can dream it or type it, you will see it.

Not everyone likes it – and in fact, not everyone embraces artificial intelligence in their fan spaces. Betrayal of the trustworthiness of the relationship or they feel like Otherwise it’s exploitative — but none contained it. This suspicion was almost immediately confirmed.

Websites like fanfiction.net and AO3 have added “AI” tags to their stories. With the advent of services like character.ai, which allows AI role-play to communicate with your favorite fictional characters and stars, fans of AI-assisted games like the popular Neon Evangelion can share his art with his account. It has increased explosively on X. artist, @lucifel99.

The satire field also quickly adopted these new AI tools. Ron DeSantis deepfake video It was the most seamless part of his campaign.

It also reignited a familiar debate about ethics in fanspace. A difficult genre of fan works called fiction about real people.

Where does reality stop and fantasy take over?

Jim McIsaac/Getty Images

Real-person fiction (RPF), as the name suggests, is fan fiction or fan art based on real-world celebrities. In some cases, RPF is harmless.

Examples of this include portraits that are not based on existing photographs but incorporate elements from the imagination, narrations of stories already told by famous people where certain elements are fictional, or cartoons depicting made-up scenarios. Masu. Fans of Sidney Sweeney might write about what Sweeney was like as a tour guide at Universal Studios. For something to be classified as “true character fiction,” it must be “transformative.” That means some of it has to be original fiction.

But RPF can also be more ethically questionable, both for the fandom and for the entertainers depicted in writing and art.Sent by baseball player Andy Pettit cease and desist letters Visit fan site FanDomination.net to publish. 20 pages of homosexual stories About him. Although the story was self-consciously fictional and not claimed to be true, it nevertheless amounted to defamation to Pettit.

He is the only celebrity to ever take legal action over fan fiction, and he might not have filed suit if FanDomination hadn’t respected his wishes. But he’s not alone in being wary of this, both on the celebrity side and the fandom side.

One commenter said: like this 1992:

When you create a world with characters and situations, you are playing God. The world, characters, and situations are all objects that the writer manipulates to his or her heart’s content. When you write about real people, you have objectified them, regardless of their circumstances. Perhaps this is neither a good nor a bad thing, but I feel that much of the struggle of women (and minorities), past and present, is a passion not to be objectified. To be seen as an individual, a human being, rather than an object.

To put it more simply, true character novels treat real people as fiction. Some people in the fandom space have ethical concerns about that. It’s objectifying. It may violate your privacy. And it may even have the power to sway people’s views.

But it’s complicated, right? First of all, famous people are…well, famous. They are not ordinary people being speculated upon by nosy, obsessive strangers. Selling your images to the public is also part of your job description. Many legal protections are limited to those with commercial interests.

Additionally, historical fiction has always existed, as has art based on real-life subjects. Is there a meaningful difference between Homer’s or Shakespeare’s masterpieces of historical fiction and his RPF?

What about the “Tijuana Bible,” which circulated in the 1930s and 40s and featured fictional erotic paintings and stories about Hollywood bombshells? The answer to this is not as clear-cut as it immediately seems.

Fake celebrity sex tapes change what we understand to be real

Johnny Nunez/Getty

AI and the internet add another dimension to all of this. The collapse of context, reinforced by social media, It’s completely fiction It may be interpreted as genuine. When the New Yorker magazine short story “Cat Person” went viral, many people didn’t even register it as fiction. They thought this was a confessional essay and started bullying the protagonist. It was strange to see it happen in real time.

What role does human error play? that play?

Please try to imagine. If the article about Pettit had been an openly fake AI-generated image rather than written erotica, it probably would have included a watermark or warning. interpreted It was interpreted to be real for the same reason that the short story “The Cat Person” was also interpreted to be factual. If so, will Petite sue?

It turns out Taylor Swift might.

Last week, user X created and distributed deepfake porn of Taylor Swift. In response, a group of U.S. senators has introduced a bill that aims to make it illegal to distribute sexually explicit images created using artificial intelligence without consent. The trick in this case is that the users who distributed these images do not claim that they are real. This was not “revenge porn.” It was somewhere in the gray area between satire and RPF.

But AI has the ability to create surreal depictions of subjects, pushing the boundaries of free speech.

Who and what else will this new bill affect if it passes?

In a world where celebrity sex tapes are commonplace, would we even notice or care that they were created by a computer?

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